We see perfumers primarily in the Old Testament. There are three references to them in the book of Exodus, one in 2 Chronicles and one in Nehemiah. The King James translation uses the word apothecary with “perfumer” being the rendered vocational name of the profession in other Bible translations. The Hebrew word for apothecary is raqach (Strong’s H7543), a verb and primitive root word. The outline of its biblical usage is: compounder, mixer, perfumer


1 Samuel 8:13
He will take your daughters to be perfumers and cooks and bakers.

Exodus 30:25
And thou shalt make it an oil of holy ointment, an ointment compound after the art of the apothecary: it shall be an holy anointing oil.

Exodus 37:29
And he made the holy anointing oil, and the pure incense of sweet spices, according to the work of the apothecary.

2 Chronicles 16:14
And they buried him in his own sepulchers, which he had made for himself in the city of David, and laid him in the bed which was filled with sweet odours and divers kinds of spices prepared by the apothecaries’ art: and they made a very great burning for him.

Nehemiah 3:8
Next unto him repaired Uzziel the son of Harhaiah, of the goldsmiths. Next unto him also repaired Hananiah the son of one of the apothecaries, and theyfortified Jerusalem unto the broad wall.

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